Fremtidsforskning og cases

Age of Automation

Frey, Carl Benedikt (2019). The Technology Trap: Capital, Labor, and Power in the Age of Automation. Princeton Univercity Press.  

AI alignment problem

AI alignment problem  
A much more futuristic and speculative danger is the so-called “AI alignment problem.” This is the concern that a truly intelligent, or perhaps superintelligent, machine might escape our control.

Martin Ford - The Rise of AI & Technological Unemployment ... ...

Architects of intelligence: The truth about AI from the people building it
Martin Ford 2018. Packt Publishing Ltd.
Review ... 

Partnership on AI
Formulate best practices on AI technologies

The internet and democracy

The people vs tech: How the internet is killing democracy (and how we save it) 
Jamie Bartlett. Ebury Press. 2018. 
1) Active Citizens; 2) Shared Culture; 3) Free Elections; 4) Stakeholder Equality; 5) Competitive Economy and Civic Freedom; and 6) Trust in Authority. ... ... 

The Culture of AI: Everyday Life and the Digital Revolution 
Anthony Elliott 2019. Routledge. ... 

Technology and politics

Algorithms  and politics 
Slavin, Kevin (2011). How algorithms shape our world, TED Talk


Civil Unrest and Prediction 
Braha, D. 2012. “Global Civil Unrest: Contagion, Self-organization, and Prediction.” PLOS ONE 7. 
... Civil unrest contagion occurs when social, economic, and political stress accumulate slowly, and is released spontaneously in the form of social unrest. ... 

Turchin et al. 2018: A History of Possible Futures: Multipath Forecasting of Social Breakdown, Recovery, and Resilience. 
Cliodynamics 9:2.


The Externalities of Inequality: Fear of Crime and Preferences for Redistribution in Western Europe
David Rueda and Daniel Stegmueller 2015. American Journal of Political Science (Wiley). ... pdf 

The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality, ed. Wiemer Salverda, Brian Nolan, and Timothy M. Smeeding. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

US and Europe: A World of Difference  
Alesina, Alberto, and Edward L. Glaeser. 2004. Fighting Poverty in the US and Europe: A World of Difference. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Attitudes towards the Welfare State 
Bean, Clive, and Elim Papadakis. 1998. “A Comparison of Mass Attitudes towards the Welfare State in Different Institutional Regimes, 1985–1990.” International Journal of Public Opinion Research 10(3): 211–36.

Beramendi, Pablo. 2012. The Political Geography of Inequality:
Regions and Redistribution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Boyce, James K. 1994. “Inequality as a Cause of Environmental
Degradation.” Ecological Economics 11(3): 169–78.

De La O, Ana L., and Jonathan A. Rodden. 2008. “Does Religion Distract the Poor? Income and Issue Voting around the
World.” Comparative Political Studies 41(4–5): 437–76.

Dynan, Karen E., Jonathan Skinner, and Stephen P. Zeldes. 2004. “Do the Rich Save More?” Journal of Political Economy 112(2): 397–444.

Costs of the Prison Boom
Ellwood, John W., and Joshua Guetzkow. 2009. “Footing the Bill: Causes and Budgetary Consequences of State Spending on Corrections.”
In Do Prisons Make Us Safer? The Benefits and Costs of the Prison Boom, ed. Michael A. Stoll and Steven Raphael. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 207–238.

Fajnzylber, Pablo, Daniel Lederman, and Norman Loayza. 2002. “Inequality and Violent Crime.” Journal of Law and Economics 45(1): 1–40.

Iversen, Torben, and David Soskice. 2001. “An Asset Theory of Social Policy Preferences.” American Political Science Review 95(4): 875–93.

Rising Inequality   
Kenworthy, Lane, and Jonas Pontusson. 2005. “Rising Inequality and the Politics of Redistribution in Affluent Countries.” Perspectives on Politics 3(3): 449–71.

Polarized America  
McCarty, Nolan, Keith T. Poole, and Howard Rosenthal. 2008. Polarized America: The Dance of Ideology and Unequal Riches. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Moene, Karl Ove, and Michael Wallerstein. 2003. “Earnings Inequality and Welfare Spending: A Disaggregated Analysis.” World Politics 55(4): 485–516.

Nelson, Richard R., and Edmund S. Phelps. 1966. “Investment in Humans, Technological Diffusion, and Economic Growth.” American Economic Review 56(2): 69–75.

O’Rand, Angela, and Robert A. Ellis. 1974. “Social Class and Social Time Perspective.” Social Forces 53(1): 53–62.

What Americans Really Think about Inequality
Page, Benjamin I., and Lawrence Jacobs. 2009. Class War? What Americans Really Think about Economic Inequality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

EU - Taxes and Benefits on Income Distribution 
Paulus, Alari, Mitja Cok, Francesco Figari, P ˇ eter Heged ´ us, ¨ Natasa Kump, Orsolya Lelkes, Horacio Levy, Christine Lietz, ˇ Silja Lupsik, Daniela Mantovani, et al. 2009. “The Effects ¨ of Taxes and Benefits on Income Distribution in the Enlarged EU.” Technical report. EUROMOD Working Article EM8/09.

Perotti, Roberto. 1996. “Growth, Income Distribution, and Democracy:What the Data Say.” Journal of Economic Growth 1(2): 149–87.

Piff, Paul K., Michael W. Kraus, Stephane C ´ otˆ e, Bonnie Hay- ´ den Cheng, and Dacher Keltner. 2010. “Having Less, Giving More: The Influence of Social Class on Prosocial Behavior.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 99(5): 771– 84.

Romer, Paul. 1990. “Endogenous Technological Change.” Journal of Political Economy 98(5): S71–S102. 

Innovation and inequality  
Saint-Paul, Gilles  2008: Innovation and inequality: How does technical progress affect workers? 
Princeton University Press.
... Karl Marx predicted a world in which technical innovation would increasingly devalue and impoverish workers, but other economists thought the opposite ... 

Nation, Class, and Redistribution  
Shayo, Moses. 2009. “A Model of Social Identity with an Application to Political Economy: Nation, Class, and Redistribution.” American Political Science Review 103(2): 147–74.

Religion and Redistributive Voting  
Stegmueller, Daniel. 2013b. “Religion and Redistributive Voting in Western Europe.” Journal of Politics 75(4): 1064–76.

Wilson, James Q., and Richard Herrnstein. 1985. Crime and Human Nature. New York: Simon & Schuster.

David Rueda and Daniel Stegmueller 2015. American Journal of Political Science (Wiley). ... pdf 


Measurement of Inequality
Cowell, Frank A. 2000. “Measurement of Inequality.” In Handbook of Income Distribution, Vol. 1, ed. Anthony B. Atkinson
and Francois Bourguignon. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 87–166.

Deltas, George. 2003. “The Small-Sample Bias of the Gini Coefficient: Results and Implications for Empirical Research.”
Review of Economics and Statistics 85(1): 226–34. 

Eurostat. 2007. Regions in the European Union: Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics. NUTS 2006. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Hanmer,Michael J., and Kerem Ozan Kalkan. 2013. “Behind the Curve: Clarifying the Best Approach to Calculating Predicted Probabilities and Marginal Effects from Limited Dependent Variable Models.”American Journal of Political Science 57(1): 263–77.

Heckman, James J. 1978. “Dummy Endogenous Variables in a Simultaneous Equation System.” Econometrica 46(6): 931– 59.

Hout, Michael. 2004. “Getting the Most out of the GSS Income Measures.” GSS Methodological Report 101.

Karagiannis, Elias, and Milorad Kovacevic. 2000. “A Method to Calculate the Jackknife Variance Estimator for the Gini Coefficient.” Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 62(1): 119–22. 

King, Gary, James Honaker, Anne Joseph, and Kenneth Scheve. 2001. “Analyzing Incomplete Political Science Data: An Alternative Algorithm for Multiple Imputation.” American Political Science Review 95(1): 49–69.

McKelvey, Richard D., and William Zavoina. 1975. “A Statistical Model for the Analysis of Ordinal Level Dependent Variables.” Journal of Mathematical Sociology 4: 103–20.

Roodman, David. 2011. “Estimation Fully Observed Recursive Mixed-ProcessModels with CMP.” Stata Journal 11(2): 159– 206.

Silber, Jacques. 1989. “Factor Components, Population Subgroups and the Computation of the Gini Index of Inequality.” Review of Economics and Statistics 71: 107–15.

Stegmueller, Daniel. 2013a. “How Many Countries Do You Need for Multilevel Modeling?” American Journal of Political Science 57(3): 748–61.

David Rueda and Daniel Stegmueller 2015. American Journal of Political Science (Wiley). ... pdf 

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Platforms and Institutions

Designing Platforms in the Age of Institutional Failure ... ...