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Fremtidsanalyse

Fremtidsforskning og cases

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Algoritmer og kunstig intelligens 

AI periodicering 
www.fremtidsanalyse.dk ... 
AI history
www.fremtidsanalyse.dk ...  

Teknologi liste 

Teknologi liste

Teknologisk- og organisatorisk omstilling til den 4. industrielle revolution

Den 4. industrielle revolution - robotrevolutionen - tekchnology stack

De teknologisk mål skal have fokus på implementering af  op til 12 nye teknologier, der vil få afgørende betydning i fremtidens brancher:

Teknologi liste 

1: 3D print 
Kan medføre decentralisering af produktion og global arbejdsdeling.
2: Algoritmer, kunstig intelligens og superintelligens
"Smart” teknologi til analyser, administrave opgaver, kundeservice med chatbots mm.
Udvikles af bl.a. IBM/Watson og Google.
3: Big data 
Til måling af "alt" og kvantative forudsigelser.
4: Bioteknologi 
Gensplejsning, Genmodificerede organismer (GMO) mm.
5: Blockchain til værdikæder,  handel, jura og økonomi 
F.eks. kontrakter og værdioverførelser i mulig decentraliseret form.
6: Cloud computing
Håndtering af avancerede forretningsprogrammer, AI, VR mm.
7: Computerkraft
Kvantecomputere. 
8: Energi innovation   
Batterier, (f.eks. Tesla), Thorium, fusions energi mm.
9. Internet of Things, (IoT) 
Internet indbygget i "alt", til både styring og måling.
10: Nanoteknologi konstruktion med atomer 
Udvikling af nye materialer, f.eks. solceller og grafen.
(Med grafen kan man indbygge elektronik i "alt". (videnskab.dk).
11: Robot teknologi: fra industrirobotter til humanoide robotter. 
En mekanisk enhed styret af algoritmer/kunstig intelligens, f.eks. en selvkørende bil. 
12: Virtual Reality (VR), Augmented Reality (AR) og Mixed Reality (MR). 
Til virtuelt samarbejde, undervisning, spil og produktpræsentationer.

10 teknologier, der ændrer vores verden de næste 10 år 
www.dr.dk/nyheder/viden/tech/10 ... 

Om ​Cloudcomputing  
The term "cloud computing" was popularized with Amazon.com releasing its Elastic Compute Cloud product in 2006.  
www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_computing
Cloudcomputing, dvs en given applikation ligger i "skyen" på serverinfrastruktur.
For virksomheder er applikationer såsom økonomisystem (ERP) eller salgssystem (CRM) i stigende grad flyttet ud i "skyen". 
SaaS (Software as a Service), PaaS (Platform as a Service) og IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service).
www.da.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloudcomputing

De organisatoriske mål skal især have fokus på 2 områder:
1: Livslang læring: Uddannelse til håndtering af de 7 nye teknologier.
2: Samarbejde - Prosumers:
Inddrage, medarbejdere, forbrugere og borgere i hele omstillingsprocessen. 

AI research

AI research tool  
Iris.ai builds an interdisciplinary research map based on a problem statement or research paper of your choice. 
www.iris.ai

AI status 2018

AI Index 2018 Report  
... The Human-Level Performance Milestones ...
www.cdn.aiindex.org ... pdf 

How AI can save our humanity
Kai-Fu Lee 2018
...  how humans can thrive in the age of AI by harnessing compassion.
www.youtube.com ... 

AI Superpowers
China, Silicon Valley and the New World Order
Kai-Fu Lee. Houghton, Mifflin Company 2018.
www.aisuperpowers.com
Review 
www.economist.com ... 

AI status 2017

The State of AI 2017  
There are seven enablers of AI 
...  awareness, , investment ... 
Enhanced algorithms have improved results
Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs)
Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs)
www.mmcventures.com ... pdf 

Human-level image recognition  
Human-level speech recognition
www.mmcventures.com ... pdf 

AI roadmap

Adams, Sam et al 2012: Mapping the landscape of human-level artificial general intelligence. AI Mag. 33, 25–42.
...  roadmap toward human-level artificial general intelligence (AGI). ...  seven scenarios will be presented as milestones  ...
www.aaai.org/ojs ...  

Itamar Arel: "Technological Convergence Leading to Artificial General Intelligence" 
www.youtube.com/watch ...

Gardner, H. 1999. Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences for the 21st Century. New York: Basic Books. 

Legg, S., and Hutter, M. 2007. A Definition of Machine Intelligence. Minds and Machines 17(4) 391–444. 

Turing, A. M. 1950. Computing Machinery and Intelligence. Mind 59(236) (October): 433–60.

Vygotsky, L. 1986. Thought and Language. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press

Responses to catastrophic AGI risk: a survey
Kaj Sotala and Roman V Yampolskiy 2014
www.iopscience.iop.org/article ... pdf

MANBRIC-Technologies

MANBRIC-technologies: Medical, Additive, Nano-, Bio-, Robo-, Info-, and Cogno-technologies.
www.link.springer.com/chapter/10 ... 

MANBRIC-Technologies  and the Sixth Kondratieff Wave 
... the relationship between Kondratieff waves and major technological revolutions ... 
... We show that the technological breakthrough of the Sixth Kondratieff Wave may be interpreted as both the Fourth Industrial Revolution and as the final phase of the Cybernetic Revolution ... 
www.link.springer.com/chapter/10 ... 

Final phase of the Cybernetic Revolution start in Medicine 
We argue that the technological transition of the final phase of the Cybernetic Revolution will start in medicine, which is to be the keystone of technological convergence forming the system of MANBRIC-technologies ... 
www.sociostudies.org/almanac/articles/technological ... 

Expert Automation & Augmentation Software

Expert Automation & Augmentation Software (EAAS) 
EAAS is software that uses machine intelligence to replicate and augment human cognition. 
www.cbinsights.com/research ... 

NB: EAAS kan også stå for: Enterprise as a Service.

AI og erhverv

Enterprise as a Service  
Fingar, Peter: Dot.Cloud: The 21st Century Business Platform Built on Cloud Computing
www.peterfingar.com

Business Process Management: The Next Wave  
... Agent-oriented BPM (aoBPM) will allow BPM to take on all of what is expected of it as organizations accelerate growth and connect better with their customers.
www.mkpress.com/aoBPM 

Cognitive Computing: A Brief Guide for Game Changers 
Fingar, Peter 2015. Meghan-Kiffer Press. 
www.mkpress.com/CC

Artificial Intelligence and Blockchain 
... these technologies have enormous potential to confer positive changes in the commercial world ...
www.mkpress.com/AIB

Blockchain

EU Blockchain Observatory & Forum 
www.eublockchainforum.eu/noteworthy/articles
www.twitter.com/EUBlockchain

2018 global blockchain survey  
... Blockchain is at an inflection point, ...
www2.deloitte.com ... 

A Decentralized-driven Legal Community Practicing Collective Wisdom 
www.legalblock.co
www.twitter.com/legal_block

Aragon Project 
Build unstoppable organizations on Ethereum. Allowing the creation of value without borders or intermediaries 
www.twitter.com/AragonProject

The Stack

Benjamin H. Bratton 2014: The Black Stack 
www.e-flux.com/journal/53/59883/the-black-stack

From the Black Stack to the Red Stack 
McKenzie Wark 25 February 2015 
www.versobooks.com/blogs/1890 ... 

Thorium Energy

Thorium Energy for the World  
Revol, Jean-Pierre, and Maurice, Bourquin, and Ycine, Kadi, and Egil, Lillestrol, and Jean-Christophe De Mestral, and Samec, Karel, Thorium Energy for the World: Proceedings of the ThEC13 Conference, CERN, Globe of Science and Innovation, Springer, Berlin, 2016.
www.researchgate.net/publication/303812917_Thorium ..

The Thorium Fuel Cycle: Past Achievements and Future Prospects 
J.-P. Revol et al. (eds.), Thorium Energy for the World.
... The energy future of our planet is a political and a scientific issue ...

A Future for Thorium Power? Carlo Rubbia, Nobel Prize Laureate, Senator for Life in the Italian Senate, IASS, Potsdam, Germany, GSSI, L’Aquila, Italy.
www.researchgate.net/publication/303812917_Thorium ..

International Thorium Energy Organisation (IThEO)  
www.thoriumenergyworld.com/organization.html
#ThEC18 #ThoriumEnergy 
www.twitter.com/ThEnergyOrg

Thorium Molten Salt Reactors  

ThorCon has more than a 4:1 advantage over coal in fuel costs
www.thorconpower.com/costing/fuel-cost

Indonesia Considers Thorium Molten Salt Reactors
Sonal Patel 2017
www.powermag.com/indonesia ...

References  

Copenhagen Accord: UN framework convention on climate change, Copenhagen, 18 Dec 2009.

Merle-Lucotte, E., et al.: Launching the thorium fuel cycle with the molten salt fast reactor. In: International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP), Nice, France (2011). 

Merle-Lucotte, E., et al.: Introduction to the physics of molten salt reactors. In: Materials Issues for Generation IV Systems—NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, pp. 501–521 (2008).

Energy 2050  
Rubbia, C.: Subcritical thorium reactors. In: International Symposium on Energy 2050, Stockholm, Sweden, 2009.

Umasankari, K., Krishnani, P.D.: Energy from thorium—an Indian perspective. Sadhana, Indian Acad. Sci. 38(5), 817–837 (2013). 

Thorium abundance in the Earth’s crust.
www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occurrence_of_thorium

Nanoteknologi og samfund

A Great Revenge? Social Sciences’ Rising Pertinence in
Scientific Research and Technological Innovations
Kléber Ghimire 2017. Korean Social Science Research Council 2017
www.kossrec.org ... pdf 

Berube, D. (2006). Nano-hype: The Truth Behind the Nanotechnology Buzz. New York: Prometheus Books.
www.researchgate.net/publication/200 ... 

Public perceptions about nanotechnology: Risks, benefits and trust. Springer. 
... Americans' initial reaction to nanotechnology is thus far generally positive. 
www.link.springer.com/article/10 ...